Using CleverMaps to analyze the availability of waste separation containers
Do you think that the availability of waste separation containers can significantly influence the quality of life in cities? Martina and Barbora, the graduates of Czechitas Data Academy, are convinced that hell yeah! That's why they decided to analyze the availability of waste separation containers for the residents of cities Prague and Brno for their final project.
What is the analysis about?
Paper, plastic, clear glass, coloured glass, beverage cartons, metals, biowaste, textile, fats and oils, electrical waste. All these things belong to separate containers. Where do we find these containers? Are the containers accessible to the residents? If not, maybe the residents are less likely to recycle.
Choosing the right tool
There are many analytical or GIS tools you can use. But the girls had clear criteria - the outcome has to be an interactive map with all the waste separation marked so the residents can easily find them and the city can determine where some kinds of containers are missing. Still, a lot of analytical tools allow viewing data on a map. The main problem with standard Business Intelligence tools was that the map shows only static data with no further possibility to combine, sort and filter the data.
Looking into the array of GIS tools showed that this was not a way to do it either. Full cloud versions were unavailable, desktop versions were lengthy and complicated to setup and data preparation and visualizations are separated.
Martina and Barbora have chosen CleverMaps after a thorough evaluation, essentially because:
- It wasn't enough to see the data on the map statically
- In the CleverMaps platform, it is possible to analyze which and how many containers are within specific walking distance from each residential unit
- Easy comparison of districts and residential units
- The project shouldn't be just analysis but a solution for the citizens and the city of Prague and Brno.
- Straightforward data input because of the data connectors
- Availability of data sets for immediate use, especially sociodemographic data, the administrative division of cities, building etc.
Analysis and visualization of the data
The girls managed to collect the following datasets:
- Waste collection yards in Prague
- Sorted waste stations in Prague
- Fats and oils in Prague
- Containers in Brno
- Container station in Brno
- Buildings in Prague and Brno
- Sociodemographic data on Prague and Brno
- Collection yards in Brno
- Waste collection in Prague between 1998–2018
The datasets were imported to CleverMaps and sorted into a logical multidimensional spatial data model. Above the data model metrics were built and then was the time to add the indicators, indicator drills and makers. There is also a possibility to modify the appearance of the dashboard and the view.
- Number of containers
- Number of households
- Number of containers per 100 people
- Number of people per container
- Number of housing units (can be filtered by distance)
- Number of housing units per container
- Number of houses
- Average minimum distance
- Container availability index
The map is interactive, and it is possible to display information about the city as a whole or detail of the city districts. It is also possible to filter a specific type of container for each city. Besides, every kind of container has its maker, where it sets the corresponding colour of a pinpoint.
Let's see the results
The girls were thinking it through! Not only that the map can help individuals to find a specific container, but most importantly, the cities can easily find out where some specific containers are missing. And beyond that, thanks to Google street view, they can even make sure that the containers are really where they are supposed to be!
Since the analysis is very extensive, let's focus only on Prague and discover the most interesting findings.
Firstly, let's look at the total ratio between housing units and the number of sorting containers in individual parts of the city. In the city of Prague, there are on average, 29 apartment units for one container. It is clear from the map that containers in the suburbs of the city serve on average fewer housing units than in the city center.
In general, paper bins are one of the most used types of waste separation containers. On average, citizens of Prague need to walk little over 100 m to reach it; however, CleverMaps platform helped to reveal buildings where residents need to walk over 500 meters. Well, who would want to walk that much, right? Now the city can quickly discover white spots like these and make a change.
CleverMaps can also be used when placing new types of containers in the area. The figure below shows the container for fats and oils, a new type of separation container. On the map below, we can see housing units that are further than 500 m from this type of container. Thanks to the exact distance to each housing unit, the city can effectively place them where needed the most.
CleverMaps also helped us discover that Praha - Běchovice does not have any bin for metal available at all. Its residents must walk over 15 minutes to the neighborhood to reach it.
What if the city wants to compare two city parts? No problem! Thanks to the built-in function of the platform, you can choose parts of the city to compare, and the platform will do all the work. The figure below shows us the difference between Vysočany and Nové Město in comparison to the availability of containers for paper.